A combination of interferon-gamma and interleukin-2 production by Coxiella burnetii-stimulated circulating cells discriminates between chronic Q fever and past Q fever
until further notice
SourceClinical Microbiology and Infection, 20, 7, (2014), pp. 642-650
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Clinical Microbiology and Infection
SubjectRadboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Infection with Coxiella burnetii may lead to life-threatening chronic Q fever endocarditis or vascular infections, which are often difficult to diagnose. The present study aims to investigate whether measurement of in-vitro interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production, a key cytokine in the immune response against C. burnetii, differentiates chronic from a past cleared infection, and whether measurement of other cytokines would improve the discriminative power. First, C. burnetii-specific IFN-gamma production was measured in whole blood of 28 definite chronic Q fever patients and compared with 135 individuals with past Q fever (seropositive controls) and 908 seronegative controls. IFN-gamma production was significantly higher in chronic Q fever patients than in controls, but with overlapping values between patients and seropositives. Secondly, the production of a series of other cytokines was measured in a subset of patients and controls, which showed that interleukin (IL)-2 production was significantly lower in patients than in seropositive controls. Subsequently, measuring IL-2 in all patients and all controls with substantial IFN-gamma production showed that an IFN-gamma/IL-2 ratio >11 had a sensitivity and specificity of 79% and 96%, respectively, to diagnose chronic Q fever. This indicates that a high IFN-gamma/IL-2 ratio is highly suggestive for chronic Q fever. In an additional group of 25 individuals with persistent high anti-Coxiella phase I IgG titres without definite chronic infection, all but six showed an IFN-gamma/IL-2 ratio <11. In conclusion, these findings hold promise for the often difficult diagnostic work-up of Q fever and the IFN-gamma/IL-2 ratio may be used as an additional diagnostic marker.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.