Targeting PKC in human T cells using sotrastaurin (AEB071) preserves regulatory T cells and prevents IL-17 production
SourceJournal of Investigative Dermatology, 134, 4, (2014), pp. 975-83
Article / Letter to the editor
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Laboratory of Medical Immunology
Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
Journal of Investigative Dermatology
SubjectRadboudumc 17: Women's cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 5: Inflammatory diseases RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 5: Inflammatory diseases RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Regulatory T-cells (Treg) are crucial for immune homeostasis and prevention of immune pathology. Yet, Treg may lose Foxp3 and start secreting IL-17, dependent on environmental cues. Our previous data revealed that Treg from severe psoriasis patients are particularly prone to such conversion. The question of how to maintain Treg stability in the context of inflammation awaits immediate resolution. The pan-protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor sotrastaurin has shown efficacy in clinical trials of psoriasis. Here, we show that sotrastaurin inhibited effector T-cell responses, whereas the regulatory response was enhanced. Sotrastaurin prevented TCR/CD28-induced T-cell activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine production, but preserved a stable Treg phenotype as evidenced by maintenance of suppressive capacity, high Foxp3 and CD25 expression, and lack of IL-17A and IFNgamma production. Moreover, in both circulating and dermal psoriatic Treg, prone to rapid induction of IL-17, sotrastaurin enhanced Foxp3 expression and prevented IL-17A and IFNgamma production even when stimulated in the presence of the helper T 17-enhancing cytokines IL-1beta or IL-23. Thus, pharmacological inhibition of PKC may serve as a powerful tool to concurrently inhibit effector T cells and to facilitate Treg, thereby showing therapeutic potential for the treatment of psoriasis.
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