Panitumumab monotherapy as a second-line treatment in metastasised colorectal cancer: a single centre experience.
SourceClinical Oncology, 26, 3, (2014), pp. 135-141
1 maart 2014
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 2: Cancer development and immune defence RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
AIMS: To report our clinical experience of panitumumab monotherapy as a second-line treatment for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective, descriptive study included a series of consecutive patients receiving panitumumab monotherapy (6 mg/kg 2 weekly) at a single centre in the Netherlands between June 2009 and November 2011. All patients had wild-type KRAS tumours, had progressed during first-line fluoropyrimidine-based therapy and were not candidates for, or refused, standard second-line therapy (usually irinotecan in the Netherlands). Prophylactic medication was given for epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor-associated skin toxicities. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients were treated during this period. The most commonly administered first-line mCRC regimen was capecitabine/oxaliplatin/bevacizumab (18/31 patients; 58.1%). Patients received a mean of 7.9 (range 1-18) panitumumab cycles. The median progression-free survival was 3.4 (95% confidence interval 2.4, 4.4) months. The median overall survival estimates were 11.4 (95% confidence interval 1.2, 21.6) months from the initiation of panitumumab monotherapy. Ten patients experienced partial responses according to Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST; objective response rate: 32.3%); disease was controlled (objective response or stable disease) in 15 patients (48.4%). Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) responses (two consecutive >/=10% decreases from baseline) occurred in 11/29 patients (37.9%); all of whom had >50% decreases in CEA levels. All patients with an objective response at week 12 had CEA reductions at weeks 6 and 12. The only adverse events were grade 1/2 skin toxicities (61.3%) and gastrointestinal complaints (6.5%); three other patients (9.7%) experienced both skin and gastrointestinal complaints. CONCLUSION: Panitumumab monotherapy seems to be a safe and active second-line treatment for patients with wild-type KRAS mCRC, with activity in line with that seen for irinotecan monotherapy, but with less toxicity. CEA may provide a useful early indicator of response to panitumumab.
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