Dynamic preload indicators decrease when the abdomen is opened
SourceBMC Anesthesiology, 14, (2014), article 90
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 18: Healthcare improvement science RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
BACKGROUND: Optimizing cardiac stroke volume during major surgery is of interest to many as a therapeutic target to decrease the incidence of postoperative complications. Because dynamic preload indicators are strongly correlated with stroke volume, it is suggested that these indices can be used for goal directed fluid therapy. However, threshold values of these indicators depend on many factors that are influenced by surgery, including opening of the abdomen. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the effect of opening the abdomen on arterial pressure variations in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. METHODS: Blood pressure and bladder pressure were continuously recorded just before and after opening of the abdomen in patients undergoing elective laparotomy. Based on waveform analysis of the non-invasively derived blood pressure, the stroke volume index, pulse pressure variation (PPV) and stroke volume variation (SVV) were calculated off-line. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were included. After opening the abdomen, PPV and SVV decreased from 11.5 +/- 5.8% to 6.4 +/- 2.9% (p < 0.005, a relative decrease of 40 +/- 19%) and 12.7 +/- 6.1% to 4.8 +/- 1.6% (p < 0.05, a relative decrease of 53 +/- 26%), respectively. Although mean arterial pressure and stroke volume index tended to increase (41 +/- 6 versus 45 +/- 4 ml/min/m2, p = 0.14 and 41 +/- 6 versus 45 +/- 4 ml/min/m2, p = 0.05), and heart rate tended to decrease (73 +/- 15 versus 68 +/- 11 1/min, p = 0.05), no significant change was found. No significant change was found in respiratory parameter (tidal volume, respiratory rate or inspiratory pressure; p = 0.36, 0.34 and 0.17, respectively) or bladder pressure (6.0 +/- 3.7 versus 5.6 +/- 2.7 mmHg, p = 0.6) either. CONCLUSIONS: Opening of the abdomen decreases PPV and SVV. During goal directed therapy, current thresholds for fluid responsiveness should be changed accordingly.
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