Neuroscience-driven discovery and development of sleep therapeutics
SourcePharmacology and Therapeutics. Part A: Chemotherapy, Toxicology and Metabolic Inhibitors, 141, 3, (2014), pp. 300-334
Article / Letter to editor
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Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Part A: Chemotherapy, Toxicology and Metabolic Inhibitors
SubjectRadboudumc 13: Stress-related disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
Until recently, neuroscience has given sleep research and discovery of better treatments of sleep disturbances little attention, despite the fact that disturbed sleep has overwhelming impact on human health. Sleep is a complex phenomenon in which specific psychological, electrophysiological, neurochemical, endocrinological, immunological and genetic factors are involved. The brain as both the generator and main object of sleep is obviously of particular interest, which makes a neuroscience-driven view the most promising approach to evaluate clinical implications and applications of sleep research. Polysomnography as the gold standard of sleep research, complemented by brain imaging, neuroendocrine testing, genomics and other laboratory measures can help to create composite biomarkers that allow maximizing the effects of individualized therapies while minimizing adverse effects. Here we review the current state of the neuroscience of sleep, sleep disorders and sleep therapeutics and will give some leads to promote the discovery and development of sleep medicines that are better than those we have today.
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