Clinical characteristics of rod and cone photoreceptor dystrophies in patients with mutations in the C8orf37 gene
SourceInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 54, 7, (2013), pp. 4683-90
Article / Letter to editor
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Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
SubjectNCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease IGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions IGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders
PURPOSE: To provide the clinical features in patients with retinal disease caused by C8orf37 gene mutations. METHODS: Eight patients--four diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and four with cone-rod dystrophy (CRD), carrying causal C8orf37 mutations--were clinically evaluated, including extensive medical history taking, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy, kinetic perimetry, electroretinography (ERG), spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), autofluorescence (AF) imaging, and fundus photography. RESULTS: In families A and D, respectively, one and three patients showed a classic RP phenotype with night blindness followed by concentric loss of visual field. Severe visual loss to light perception occurred early in the course of the disease. The symptoms initiated during infancy (family A) or adolescence (family D). Ophthalmoscopy revealed macular atrophy, bone spicules, attenuated vessels, and waxy pale optic discs. SD-OCT showed profound photoreceptor degeneration and AF demonstrated atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). ERG responses were nonrecordable in these patients. In families B and C, the patients were diagnosed with CRD. Initial symptoms were photophobia or loss of visual acuity and occurred during infancy (family B) or adolescence (family C). Ophthalmoscopy and AF revealed profound macular RPE atrophy and SD-OCT demonstrated macular photoreceptor degeneration. ERG responses were severely reduced in a cone-rod pattern or were nonrecordable. Interestingly, both patients in family B demonstrated polydactyly. CONCLUSIONS: Mutations in C8orf37 give rise to an early or adolescent-onset autosomal recessive CRD or RP phenotype with early macular atrophy. The occurrence of postaxial polydactyly in one family suggests a syndromic phenotype, which may indicate C8orf37 has a ciliary function.
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