High incidence of Dacron conduit stenosis for extracardiac Fontan procedure
SourceJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 147, 5, (2014), pp. 1568-1572
Article / Letter to editor
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Cardio Thoracic Surgery
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
OBJECTIVES: Extracardiac conduits are widely used to complete a Fontan circulation in patients with univentricular hearts. Although polytetrafluoroethylene conduits have proven good long-term patency, Dacron (polyethylene terephthalate) prostheses are still infrequently applied, with, as yet, no information on the long-term patency. METHODS: All patients who received an extracardiac Dacron conduit (n = 12) were retrospectively studied. The initial conduit size was 16 mm in all recipients. The mean age at Fontan completion was 3.1 +/- 0.7 years. Patients with clinical symptoms and/or significant conduit stenosis (>50% of diameter) underwent reoperation. RESULTS: Of the 12 patients, 8 underwent reoperation (75%) at a mean interval of 6.5 +/- 1.8 years after the Fontan operation. All conduits were replaced by an 18-mm polytetrafluoroethylene graft. The explants showed ubiquitous tissue deposits on the inner surface, with a residual internal diameter from 8 to 11 mm. All patients survived the extracardiac conduit replacement. Recovery was uneventful, except that 1 patient experienced long-lasting pleural fluid drainage. The mean hospital stay was 10.6 +/- 12.0 days. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of extracardiac Dacron conduit stenosis in total cavopulmonary connection patients is high. These data indicate that the use of this type of conduit should be avoided. Vigilant follow-up is advised for those patients who have undergone Fontan completion with a Dacron extracardiac conduit.
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