Stress susceptibility as a determinant of endothelium-dependent vascular reactivity in rat mesenteric arteries.
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SourceJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 41, 4, (2003), pp. 625-631
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
SubjectUMCN 2.2: Vascular medicine and diabetes; UMCN 3.2: Cognitive neurosciences; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
In order to investigate the consequences of stress susceptibility on vascular function, the authors assessed the respective contributions of nitric oxide (NO), prostanoids, and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor to the vascular tone in rats with a constitutionally determined high and low susceptibility to behavioral stressors. In mesenteric resistance arteries mounted in a small vessel myograph and precontracted with l-phenylephrine hydrochloride (phenylephrine), the NO-synthase inhibitor N omega-nitro-l-arginine (l-NOARG, 100 microM) elicited a smaller increase of vascular tone in apomorphine-susceptible (APO-SUS) rats (P < 0.01). Addition of indomethacin (10 microM), in the presence of l-NOARG, resulted in a smaller decrease of vascular tone in APO-SUS rats (P < 0.01). Although acetylcholine-induced relaxation in phenylephrine-precontracted arteries was not different (P > 0.1), the individual components contributing to this relaxation were. In arteries precontracted with 125 mM K+, and incubated with indomethacin, acetylcholine-induced relaxation was not significantly different (pEC(50) and E(max): P > 0.1). Sensitivity (pEC(50): P < 0.05) and maximum relaxation (E(max): P < 0.001) to sodium nitroprusside, in the presence of 125 mM K+, was more pronounced in APO-SUS rats. In phenylephrine-precontracted arteries, in the presence of l-NOARG and indomethacin, maximum relaxation to ACh was reduced in APO-SUS rats (E(max): P < 0.05). This study showed that in rats with a high susceptibility to stressors, the contribution of NO to vascular tone was decreased as was the ratio of vasoconstrictor and vasodilator cyclooxygenase products in alpha-adrenergic precontracted arteries. End-organ sensitivity to NO was greater in APO-SUS rats, possibly due to up-regulation. Moreover, the contribution of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor to acetylcholine-induced vasodilation was reduced in APO-SUS rat arteries.
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