The impact of macro- and micro-economic uncertainty on family formation in the Netherlands
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Number of pages
SourceEuropean Journal of Population-Revue Européenne de Demographie, 30, 2, (2014), pp. 161-185
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Population-Revue Européenne de Demographie
SubjectInequality, cohesion and modernization; Ongelijkheid, cohesie en modernisering
In this paper, we study the impact of macro- and micro-economic uncertainty on family formation between 1970 and 2000 in The Netherlands. Using data of the Family Survey Dutch Population, we analysed the monthly hazard rates of experiencing the transition into first union, first marriage and parenthood after the start of the relationship of 365 male and 364 female partners by applying piecewise-constant exponential models. The results show that macro-economic uncertainties, i.e. high unemployment rates, lead to postponement of the first union and marriage, but not of the first child. In addition, we found that this relationship is not interpreted by individual-level employment insecurity, i.e. temporary employment or unemployment, which does not seem to prevent people from making long-term family commitments. Although hypothesized, we did not find that the negative effects of macro-and micro-level insecurities on family formation reinforce each other or that they vary between individuals with different educational qualifications.
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