Implicit and explicit interethnic attitudes and ethnic discrimination in hiring
Number of pages
SourceSocial Science Research, 41, 1, (2012), pp. 61-73
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ RSCR SOC
Social Science Research
SubjectInequality Cohesion Rationalization; Ongelijkheid Cohesie Rationalisatie
We study effects of explicit and implicit interethnic attitudes on ethnic discrimination in hiring. Unlike explicit attitudes, implicit attitudes are characterised by reduced controllability, awareness or intention. Effects of implicit interethnic attitudes on ethnic discrimination in the labour market remain under-researched. Moreover, previous experiments on the effects of explicit interethnic attitudes on discrimination have important drawbacks. We use data from a laboratory experiment (n = 272) consisting of an Implicit Association Test, a questionnaire and a recruitment test in which participants reviewed resumes representing fictitious applicants who varied regarding ethnicity, gender, education and work experience. Participants graded applicants and selected applicants for an interview. Results show that only explicit interethnic attitudes affect discrimination in grades, but both explicit and implicit interethnic attitudes increase discrimination in selection.
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