Phosphorylation of linker histones regulates ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling enzymes.
SourceNature Structural Biology, 9, 4, (2002), pp. 263-267
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Nature Structural Biology
Members of the ATP-dependent family of chromatin remodeling enzymes play key roles in the regulation of transcription, development, DNA repair and cell cycle control. We find that the remodeling activities of the ySWI/SNF, hSWI/SNF, xMi-2 and xACF complexes are nearly abolished by incorporation of linker histones into nucleosomal array substrates. Much of this inhibition is independent of linker histone-induced folding of the arrays. We also find that phosphorylation of the linker histone by Cdc2/Cyclin B kinase can rescue remodeling by ySWI/SNF. These results suggest that linker histones exert a global, genome-wide control over remodeling activities, implicating a new, obligatory coupling between linker histone kinases and ATP-dependent remodeling enzymes.
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