Pulmonary infection, and not systemic inflammation, accounts for increased concentrations of exhaled nitric oxide in patients with septic shock
SourceJournal of Breath Research, 7, 3, (2013), pp. 036003
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Breath Research
SubjectIGMD 7: Iron metabolism N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity
Nitric oxide (NO) is a key mediator in the pathophysiology of septic shock that can be measured in exhaled breath. To assess whether a pulmonary infection itself or systemic inflammation is responsible for NO production, we determined exhaled NO in ventilated patients with respiratory and non-respiratory septic shock and compared it with the concentration in ventilated intensive care patients without systemic inflammation. In addition, the change of NO production over time and correlations with haemodynamic instability were evaluated. The controls without systemic inflammation, as witnessed by the absence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome criteria and low levels of interleukin-6, had similar concentrations of NO as the patients with non-respiratory septic shock. The respiratory sepsis patients exhaled more NO than the non-respiratory sepsis patients (p = 0.05), and a time dependent decline in time in both groups (p = 0.04). Exhaled NO did not correlate with markers of disease severity, systemic inflammation and haemodynamic instability. These data indicate that the infected lungs are the source of exhaled NO.
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