COPD prognosis in relation to diagnostic criteria for airflow obstruction in smokers
SourceEuropean Respiratory Journal, 43, 1, (2014), pp. 54-63
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Primary and Community Care
European Respiratory Journal
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 18: Healthcare improvement science RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 5: Inflammatory diseases RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
The aim of this study was to establish which cut-off point for the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio (i.e. fixed 0.70 or lower limit of normal (LLN) cut-off point) best predicts accelerated lung function decline and exacerbations in middle-aged smokers. We performed secondary analyses on the Lung Health Study dataset. 4045 smokers aged 35-60 years with mild-to-moderate obstructive pulmonary disease were subdivided into categories based on presence or absence of obstruction according to both FEV1/FVC cut-off points. Post-bronchodilator FEV1 decline served as the primary outcome to compare subjects between the categories. 583 (14.4%) subjects were nonobstructed and 3230 (79.8%) subjects were obstructed according to both FEV1/FVC cut-off points. 173 (4.3%) subjects were obstructed according to the fixed cut-off point, but not according to the LLN cut-off point ("discordant" subjects). Mean+/-SE post-bronchodilator FEV1 decline was 41.8+/-2.0 mL.year(-1) in nonobstructed subjects, 43.8+/-3.8 mL.year(-1) in discordant subjects and 53.5+/-0.9 mL.year(-1) in obstructed subjects (p<0.001). Our study showed that FEV1 decline in subjects deemed obstructed according to a fixed criterion (FEV1/FVC <0.70), but non-obstructed by a sex- and age-specific criterion (LLN) closely resembles FEV1 decline in subjects designated as non-obstructed by both criteria. Sex and age should be taken into account when assessing airflow obstruction in middle-aged smokers.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.