Defecation problems in children with Hirschsprung's disease: a prospective controlled study of a multidisciplinary behavioural treatment.
SourceActa Paediatrica, 90, 10, (2001), pp. 1153-1159
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectPsychological antecedents; Psychologische determinanten
Constipation, faecal incontinence, soiling and difficult toilet training remain significant problems in children with Hirschsprung's disease after corrective surgery. Chronic defecation problems can have various negative implications. At the University Medical Centre Nijmegen, a multidisciplinary behavioural treatment was developed to treat defecation problems. In this paper, a prospective controlled study is presented concerning the effect of this treatment upon children suffering from chronic defecation problems following corrective surgery for Hirschsprung's disease. The effect of treatment was studied in 27 children (21M, 6F, mean age 5.2y, range 2-11 y). Fourteen children were allocated to the experimental treatment group. The 13 children allocated to the waiting-list control group were also treated following a waiting period of 6 mo. On all outcome variables, children in the experimental treatment group had significantly better results after treatment than children in the waiting-list control group after the waiting period. No effect of age upon treatment was found. The effect of treatment remained significant on all outcome variables at a mean follow-up of 7 mo after the end of treatment. CONCLUSION: Multidisciplinary behavioural treatment is successful in decreasing chronic defecation problems in children with Hirschsprung's disease.
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