Incidence and aetiology of renal phosphate loss in patients with hypophosphatemia in the intensive care unit.
SourceIntensive Care Medicine, 39, 10, (2013), pp. 1785-1791
1 oktober 2013
Article / Letter to editor
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Intensive Care Medicine
SubjectN4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy
BACKGROUND: Hypophosphatemia is a common finding in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Its cause is often poorly understood. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand the incidence of renal phosphate loss in ICU-related hypophosphatemia, and to examine the role of phosphaturic hormones in its etiology. METHODS: Plasma phosphate levels were measured on day 1, 3, 5 and 7 in 290 consecutive patients admitted to the ICU. Renal phosphate handling and phosphaturic hormones were studied in a subset of patients with phosphate levels <0.6 mmol/L. Renal phosphate loss was defined as a TmP/gfr < 0.6 mmol/L. MAIN RESULTS: Hypophosphatemia developed in 24% of all patients. This mainly occurred within the first 3 days of stay and in patients with serum creatinine levels <150 mumol/L. Renal phosphate loss was present in 80% of patients who developed hypophosphatemia, and was not related to serum levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), PTH-related protein (PTH-rp), fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23), or calcitonin. CONCLUSION: Hypophosphatemia in the ICU is commonly associated with renal phosphate loss. It mainly occurs within the first 3 days of admission, in particular in patients with preserved renal function. Renal phosphate loss is not explained by elevated PTH, PTH-rp, FGF-23 or calcitonin levels.
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