C. elegans DPY-19 is a C-mannosyltransferase glycosylating thrombospondin repeats
SourceMolecular Cell, 50, 2, (2013), pp. 295-302
Article / Letter to editor
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Laboratory of Genetic, Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases
SubjectDCN MP - Plasticity and memory; DCN PAC - Perception action and control IGMD 4: Glycostation disorders
Among the different types of protein glycosylation, C-mannosylation of tryptophan residues stands out because of the unique linkage formed between sugar and protein. Instead of the typical O- or N-glycosidic linkage, a C-C bond is used for attachment of a single mannose. C-mannose is characteristically found in thrombospondin type 1 repeats and in the WSXWS motif of type I cytokine receptors. The genetic base of the enzymatic activity catalyzing C-mannosylation was not known. Here we demonstrate that Caenorhabditis elegans DPY-19 is a C-mannosyltransferase. DPY-19 exhibits topological and sequential homology to the N-glycan oligosaccharyltransferase, highlighting an evolutionary link between N- and C-glycosylation. We show that the C. elegans surface receptors MIG-21 and UNC-5 are acceptor substrates of DPY-19 and that C-mannosylation is essential for the secretion of soluble MIG-21. Thereby, our data provide an explanation for the previously described identical Q neuroblast migration phenotypes of dpy-19 and mig-21 mutants.
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