alphaB-crystallin expression is correlated with phospho-ERK1/2 expression in human breast cancer
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SourceInternational Journal of Biological Markers, 28, 4, (2013), pp. e365-70
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
Laboratory of Genetic, Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases
International Journal of Biological Markers
SubjectBio-Molecular Chemistry; IGMD 6: Hormonal regulation ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; ONCOL 3: Translational research
alphaB-crystallin is regarded as a biomarker for triple-negative and/or basal-like breast cancer. In normal breast cells, overexpression of alphaB-crystallin leads to neoplastic-like changes, which likely relate to enhanced expression of phosphorylated ERK1/2 (pERK1/2). In this study, we investigated whether alphaB-crystallin expression is correlated to pERK1/2 expression in breast cancer. In a balanced tissue microarray the expression of alphaB-crystallin and pERK1/2 kinase were determined immunohistochemically, together with the triple-negativity and basal-like markers CK5/6 and SMA and the signaling molecules pAKT, pmTOR, EGFR, and IGF-1R. alphaB-crystallin expression significantly correlated with triple negativity and basal-like markers CK5/6 and SMA (Pearson Chi-square test p=0.004, p=0.001, and p<0.001, respectively). A significant correlation was also observed with pERK1/2 expression (p=0.002). siRNA-mediated knockdown of alphaB-crystallin in the triple-negative breast cell line MDA-MB468 did not show an effect on pERK1/2 expression levels, indicating that lowering the level of alphaB-crystallin does not reduce pERK1/2 expression. Our results confirm that alphaB-crystallin can be used as a biomarker for triple-negative and/or basal-like breast cancer. The expression of alphaB-crystallin correlates with pERK1/2 expression in breast cancer tissue suggesting that therapies targeting alphaB-crystallin might be considered for treatment of triple-negative or basal-like breast cancer.
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