Autoregulation of insulin-like growth factor 2 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 6 in periodontal ligament cells in vitro
SourceAnnals of Anatomy, 195, 6, (2013), pp. 527-532
Article / Letter to editor
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Annals of Anatomy
SubjectDCN PAC - Perception action and control
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system plays an important role in tissue development and presumably also governs pathophysiology of the periodontal ligament (PDL). It has been the aim of this study to elucidate the specific expression pattern of IGF2 and IGFBP6 in PDL cells and to determine whether PDL cells feature autoregulatory mechanisms upon exposure to these IGF components. Human PDL cells (n=6) were exposed to IGF2 (100ng/ml), IGFBP6 (450ng/ml, 675ng/ml, 1125ng/ml) or a combination of 100ng/ml IGF2 and 675ng/ml IGFBP6 for 1, 3 or 5d. qRT-PCR was run for IGF2, IGFBP6, Ki67, ALP, osteocalcin. Immunocytochemical quantification was performed for IGF2 and IGFBP6. Results showed a time-dependent increase in IGF2 and IGFBP6 gene expression, as opposed to a general decrease at the protein level. At the transcriptional and protein level, challenge with IGF2 and IGFBP6 dampened the expression of both molecules at all time points investigated. Only in the case of IGF2 did combined treatment with IGF2 and IGFBP6 contrarily increased protein expression in both nuclear and cytoplasmatic structures compared to the vehicle treated controls. Analyses of PDL cell proliferation and differentiation revealed Ki67 downregulation by IGF2 and IGFBP6 alone or in combination. Beyond this, the osteogenic differentiation potential of PDL cells was suppressed as ALP and osteocalcin expression was reduced. Our results indicate that IGF2 and IGFBP6 appear to govern various regulatory feedback mechanisms in PDL cells. Thus, the functional properties of these molecules in oral structures are presumably self-controlled under impact of different biological processes such as expression levels of these IGF components, cell proliferation and differentiation.
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