Human mitochondrial complex I deficiency: investigating transcriptional responses by microarray.
SourceNeuropediatrics, 34, 1, (2003), pp. 14-22
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectUMCN 1.2: Molecular diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring; UMCN 4.2: Chronic inflammation and autoimmunity; UMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism; UMCN 5.3: Cellular energy metabolism; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) deficiency is one of the most frequently encountered defects of the mitochondrial energy generating system. A deficiency of this enzyme complex leads to a wide variety in clinical disease expression. The cell biological consequences of such mutations, however, are poorly understood. We investigated transcriptional responses in fibroblast cell lines harboring mutations in the five different nuclear DNA encoded subunits using a mitochondria-targeting microarray. Expression profiles of cell lines cultured under conditions that favor glycolytic metabolism were compared to profiles when cultured under conditions favoring oxidative metabolism. Approximately 60 genes displayed differential expression under these conditions in either all mutated cell lines or selected cell lines only. A marked induction of metallothioneins as well as ATP1G1 transcripts was detected in all patient cell lines. Transcriptional responses such as the induction of heat shock protein transcripts, decreased PDK1,BNIP3 and mitochondrial genome encoding gene transcripts occurred in selected patient cell lines. The observed transcript profile points to a common, putative defensive, response relating to oxidative stress. Although further investigations of other human OXPHOS system diseases is warranted, these results clearly underline that functional genomics holds for the study of inherited metabolic disease.
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