Nitric oxide affects sarcoplasmic calcium release in skeletal myotubes.
SourceJournal of Applied Physiology, 91, 5, (2001), pp. 2117-2124
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Applied Physiology
SubjectControl mechanisms in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.; Routing of proteins in polarized cells; Regulatie mechanismen bij astma en chronisch obstructieve longaandoeningen; Routing van eiwitten in gepolariseerde cellen
In the present study, we used real-time confocal microscopy to examine the effects of two nitric oxide (NO) donors on acetylcholine (ACh; 10 microM)- and caffeine (10 mM)-induced intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) responses in C2C12 mouse skeletal myotubes. We hypothesized that NO reduces [Ca2+]i in activated skeletal myotubes through oxidation of thiols associated with the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-release channel. Exposure to diethylamine NONOate (DEA-NO) reversibly increased resting [Ca2+]i level and resulted in a dose-dependent reduction in the amplitude of ACh-induced [Ca2+]i responses (25 +/- 7% reduction with 10 microM DEA-NO and 78 +/- 14% reduction with 100 microM DEA-NO). These effects of DEA-NO were partly reversible after subsequent exposure to dithiothreitol (10 mM). Preexposure to DEA-NO (1, 10, and 50 microM) also reduced the amplitude of the caffeine-induced [Ca2+]i response. Similar data were obtained by using the chemically distinct NO donor S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine (100 microM). These results indicate that NO reduces sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release in skeletal myotubes, probably by a modification of hyperreactive thiols present on the ryanodine receptor channel.
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