Trans-complementation of a genetic defect in the coxsackie B3 virus 2B protein.
until further notice
SourceJournal of General Virology, 83, Pt 2, (2002), pp. 341-350
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of General Virology
iss. Pt 2
SubjectPathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of microbial infections; Pathogenese, epidemiologie en behandeling van microbiële infecties
The enterovirus 2B protein contains a putative amphipathic alpha-helix that includes three positively charged and one negatively charged residue. Previously, we observed that replacement of the glutamic acid-40 residue with a lysine residue (mutation 2B-EK) in the amphipathic alpha-helix of the coxsackie B3 virus 2B protein resulted in a quasi-infectious phenotype. On one occasion, however, transfection of 2B-EK RNA transcripts gave rise to a virus stock in which the mutation was retained. This study was aimed at elucidating the molecular mechanism underlying this observation. Sequence analysis of the viral RNA provided no evidence for a second-site suppression mutation that rescued the defect of the 2B-EK mutation in cis. Therefore, the possibility was considered that the defect caused by the 2B-EK mutation was complemented in trans by viable revertants that had emerged in the virus population. The transfection-derived virus stock indeed contained a small fraction of (pseudo)revertant viruses, carrying the original glutamic acid-40, threonine-40 or asparagine-40, rather than the introduced lysine-40. Consistent with the idea that the 2B-EK virus is unable to grow without the aid of trans-acting wild-type(-like) proteins, only the (pseudo)revertant viruses were able to produce individual plaques. Further support for the idea of trans-rescue was obtained using a genetic complementation assay, which revealed the occurrence of a low level of trans-complementation of the 2B-EK mutation by wild-type virus. This is the first report that provides evidence that a genetic defect in the enterovirus 2B protein can be complemented in trans.
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