The mengovirus leader protein suppresses alpha/beta interferon production by inhibition of the iron/ferritin-mediated activation of NF-kappa B.
SourceJournal of Virology, 76, 19, (2002), pp. 9664-9672
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Virology
SubjectPathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of microbial infections; Pathogenese, epidemiologie en behandeling van microbiële infecties
In our studies on the biological function of the mengovirus leader protein, we identified a casein kinase II (CK-2) phosphorylation site in the protein. Here we report that the mengovirus leader protein can be phosphorylated by CK-2 in vitro. Expression of a recombinant leader protein in which the consensus CK-2 sequence around threonine 47 was disturbed resulted in a mutant protein that could no longer be phosphorylated. The CK-2 consensus sequence was modified by site-directed mutagenesis and subsequently introduced into a mengovirus cDNA clone to investigate the effect of the phosphorylation of the leader protein on virus replication and on the host cell response. Modifications by which the CK-2 consensus sequence was disturbed resulted in mutant viruses with reduced growth kinetics. We demonstrated that the integrity of the CK-2 phosphorylation site of the mengovirus leader protein was specifically related to the suppression of NF-kappa B activation and subsequent suppression of alpha/beta interferon production in infected cells. We also found that the integrity of the CK-2 phosphorylation site of the leader protein coincided with an increase of ferritin expression in the infected cell. These data indicate that the leader protein suppresses the iron-mediated activation of NF-kappa B and thereby inhibits alpha/beta interferon expression in the infected cell.
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