Upregulation of Ca2+ removal in human skeletal muscle: a possible role for Ca2+-dependent priming of mitochondrial ATP synthesis.
SourceAmerican Journal of Physiology : Cell Physiology, 285, 5, (2003), pp. C1263-9
Article / Letter to editor
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American Journal of Physiology : Cell Physiology
SubjectUMCN 3.1: Neuromuscular development and genetic disorders; UMCN 5.3: Cellular energy metabolism
In muscle, ATP is required for the powerstroke of the myosin head, the detachment of actin and myosin filaments, and the reuptake of Ca2+ into the sarcoplasmic reticulum. During contraction-relaxation, large amounts of ATP are consumed at the sites of action of the myosin-ATPase and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase. The present study addresses the consequences of a reduction in mitochondrial ATP production capacity on sarcoplasmic Ca2+ handling. To this end, myotubes were cultured from patient quadriceps with a biochemically defined decrease in the maximal rate of mitochondrial ATP production and were loaded with indo 1 for imaging of sarcoplasmic Ca2+ changes in real time by confocal microscopy. Myotubes were field-stimulated with 10-ms pulses of 16 V to evoke transient rises in sarcoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]S). Three single pulses, two pulse trains (1 Hz), and one single pulse were applied in succession to mimic changing workloads. Control myotubes displayed [Ca2+]S transients with an amplitude that was independent of the strength of the stimulus. Intriguingly, the rate of sarcoplasmic Ca2+ removal (CRR) was significantly upregulated during the second and subsequent transients. In myotubes with a reduced mitochondrial ATP production capacity, the amplitude of the [Ca2+]S transients was markedly increased at higher stimulus intensities. Moreover, upregulation of the CRR was significantly decreased compared with control. Taken together, these results are in good agreement with a tight coupling between mitochondrial ATP production and sarcoplasmic Ca2+ handling. Moreover, they support the existence of a relatively long-lasting mitochondrial memory for sarcoplasmic [Ca2+] rises. This memory, which manifested itself as an increase in CRR upon recurrent stimulation, was impaired in patient myotubes with a reduced mitochondrial ATP production capacity.
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