Current management of fungal infections.
SourceDrugs, 61 Suppl 1, (2001), pp. 13-2-25
Article / Letter to editor
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vol. 61 Suppl 1
SubjectPathogenesis, epidemiology, and treatment of microbial infections; Pathogenese, epidemiologie en behandeling van microbiële infecties
The management of superficial fungal infections differs significantly from the management of systemic fungal infections. Most superficial infections are treated with topical antifungal agents, the choice of agent being determined by the site and extent of the infection and by the causative organism, which is usually readily identifiable. One exception is onychomycosis, which usually requires treatment with systemically available antifungals; the accumulation of terbinafine and itraconazole in keratinous tissues makes them ideal agents for the treatment of onychomycosis. Oral candidiasis in immunocompromised patients also requires systemic treatment; oral fluconazole and itraconazole oral solution are highly effective in this setting. Systemic fungal infections are difficult to diagnose and are usually managed with prophylaxis or empirical therapy. Fluconazole and itraconazole are widely used in chemoprophylaxis because of their favourable oral bioavailability and safety profiles. In empirical therapy, lipid-associated formulations of amphotericin-B and intravenous itraconazole are safer than, and at least as effective as, conventional amphotericin-B (the former gold standard). The high acquisition costs of the lipid-associated formulations of amphotericin-B have limited their use.
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