Motor planning is facilitated by adopting an action's goal posture: an fMRI study
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SourceCerebral Cortex, 22, 1, (2012), pp. 122-131
Article / Letter to editor
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PI Group Predictive Brain
SW OZ DCC CO
F.C. Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging
Subject180 000 Predictive Brain
Abstract: Motor planning is a hierarchical process that is typically organized around an action's goal (e.g., drinking from a cup). However, the motor plan depends not only on the goal but also on the current body state. Here, we investigated how one's own body posture interacts with planning of goal-directed actions. Participants engaged in a grasp selection (GS) task while we manipulated their arm posture. They had to indicate how they would grasp a bar when transporting it from a start to goal position and orientation. We compared situations in which one's body posture was in-congruent with the start posture and/or goal posture of the planned movement. Behavioral results show that GS took longer when one's own body state was incongruent with the goal posture of the planned movement. Correspondingly, neural activity in the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) and extrastriate body area (EBA) was modulated by congruency between the body state and the action plan. IPS was sensitive to overall congruency between body posture and action plan, while the EBA was sensitive specifically to goal posture congruency. Together, our results suggest that IPS maintains an internal state of one's own body posture, while EBA contains a representation of the goal posture of the action plan.
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