Fairness modulates non-conscious facial mimicry in women
Number of pages
SourceProceedings of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences, 279, 1742, (2012), pp. 3535-3539
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC CO
Proceedings of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences
SubjectAction, intention, and motor control
In societies with high cooperation demands, implicit consensus on social norms enables successful human coexistence. Mimicking other people's actions and emotions has been proposed as a means to synchronize behaviour, thereby enhancing affiliation. Mimicry has long been thought to be reflexive, but it has recently been suggested that mimicry might also be motivationally driven. Here, we show during an economic bargaining game that automatic happy mimicry of those making unfair offers disappears. After the bargaining game, when the proposers have acquired either a fair or unfair reputation, we observe increased angry mimicry of proposers with an unfair reputation and decreased angry mimicry of fair proposers. These findings provide direct empirical evidence that non-conscious mimicry is modulated by fairness. We interpret the present results as reflecting that facial mimicry in women functions conditionally, dependent on situational demands.
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