Modulation of granulocyte kinetics by GM-CSF/IFN-gamma in a human LPS rechallenge model
SourceJournal of Leukocyte Biology, 94, 3, (2013), pp. 513-520
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
Laboratory of Genetic, Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases
Journal of Leukocyte Biology
SubjectDCN MP - Plasticity and memory N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; IGMD 7: Iron metabolism N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; DCN MP - Plasticity and memory N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation
Inflammation in response to infection or trauma can lead to CARS, which is characterized by leukocyte dysfunction. In this study, we used a human model system for CARS to study the effect of GM-CSF and IFN-gamma treatment on this immunoparalyzed state. Healthy human volunteers were treated with GM-CSF (4 mug/kg), IFN-gamma (100 mug), or placebo in between two challenges with Escherichia coli LPS/endotoxin (2 ng/kg). Serial leukocyte blood counts were measured. Neutrophil subsets were discriminated using CD16 and CD62L expression. LPS rechallenge resulted in increased mobilization of mature neutrophils, whereas banded neutrophils decreased. GM-CSF and IFN-gamma treatment did not restore these changes. GM-CSF treatment did, however, increase the number of CD16(bright)/CD62L(dim) neutrophils that were previously shown be able to suppress T cell proliferation. IFN-gamma treatment decreased neutrophilia seen after LPS rechallenge. Our study shows that LPS rechallenge was associated with changes in the distribution of neutrophil subsets, whereas no additional changes in kinetics of other granulocyte populations were observed. GM-CSF and IFN-gamma treatment induced a shift in granulocyte composition toward an anti-inflammatory direction by increasing CD16(bright)/CD62L(dim) cells or decreasing neutrophil counts, respectively.
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