Mean platelet volume and the risk of periprocedural myocardial infarction in patients undergoing coronary angioplasty
SourceAtherosclerosis, 228, 1, (2013), pp. 136-41
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectNCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases
BACKGROUND: Periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI) represents a relatively common complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been proposed as a marker for platelet activation, as larger sized platelets have been associated with higher pro-thrombotic risk. Therefore, aim of the current study was to evaluate whether MPV is associated with increased risk of PMI after PCI. METHODS: We included 1056 consecutive patients undergoing PCI. We measured myonecrosis biomarkers at intervals from 6 to 48 h after PCI. Periprocedural myonecrosis was defined for troponin I increase by 3 times the ULN or by 50% if elevated at the time of the procedure. PMI was defined as CK-MB increase by 3 times the ULN or 50% if elevated at the time of the procedure. RESULTS: We grouped patients according to tertiles values of MPV (<10.4 fl; 10.5-11.3 fl; >11.4 fl). High MPV was associated with diabetes (p = 0.025) and higher prevalence of cerebrovascular events (p = 0.005). MPV significantly related with haemoglobin levels (p < 0.001), but inversely to platelet count (p < 0.001) and higher presence of thrombus (p = 0.03). Larger sized platelets did not increase risk of periprocedural myonecrosis (p = 0.91; OR[95% CI] = 1.04[0.90-1.2], p = 0.64) or PMI (p = 0.09; OR[95%IC] = 1.13[0.93-1.37]; p = 0.20). Subgroup analysis confirmed no impact of MPV on periprocedural MI also in high-risk subsets of patients, such as those with ACS at presentation (OR[95%CI] = 1.09 [0.87-1.38]; p = 0.44), diabetes (OR[95% CI] = 1.02[0.71-1.47], p = 0.91), female gender (OR [95% CI] = 1.15 [0.78-1.71], p = 0.48), elderly patients (age >/= 75 years) (OR[95%CI] = 1.21[0.87-1.69], p = 0.25) or with renal failure (OR[95%CI] = 1.55[0.91-2.61], p = 0.1). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that MPV does not predict the risk of PMI in patients undergoing PCI.
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