The associations of anticipated parental reactions with smoking initiation and progression in adolescents
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Number of pages
SourceAmerican Journal on Addictions, 22, 6, (2013), pp. 527-534
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI CW
SW OZ BSI OGG
American Journal on Addictions
SubjectCommunication and Media; Developmental Psychopathology
Background and Objectives The aim of this study was to examine whether anticipated parental reactions to smoking were related to smoking onset and progression during adolescence. Methods Data were used from the six-wave, 5-year longitudinal “Family and Health” project, in which N = 428 adolescents (M = 13.4, SD = .50; 52.3% girls) and their families participated. Results Parental reactions, as anticipated by adolescents, included benign indifference, conflict engagement, disclosing disappointment, and positive problem-solving. Findings of discrete-time survival analyses indicated no direct association between anticipated reactions at baseline and smoking onset within 5 years. However, a significant interaction effect was found between parental smoking and anticipated parental disappointment. This finding indicates that adolescents of non-smoking parents, who expected reactions of annoyance and disappointment, were less at risk for initiating smoking than adolescents from smoking parents who expected such reactions. None of the anticipated parental reactions were significantly related to smoking progression, neither directly nor indirectly. Conclusions and Scientific Significance Findings from this study suggest that focusing on anticipated reactions to smoking is probably not the most promising endeavor for effective smoking prevention and intervention.
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