PLCbeta isoforms differ in their subcellular location and their CT-domain dependent interaction with Galphaq
SourceCellular Signalling, 25, 1, (2013), pp. 255-63
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectNCMLS 7: Chemical and physical biology
Phospholipase C (PLC) beta isoforms are implicated in various physiological processes and pathologies. However, mechanistic insight into the localization and activation of each of the isoforms is limited. Therefore, it is crucial to gain more in-depth knowledge as to the regulation of the different isoforms. Here we describe the subcellular location of full-length PLCbeta isozymes and their C-terminal (CT) domains. Strikingly, we found isoforms PLCbeta1 and PLCbeta4 to be enriched at the plasma membrane, contrary to isoforms PLCbeta2 and PLCbeta3. We determined that the CT domain is an inhibitor of Gq-mediated increases in intracellular calcium, the potency of its effect being dependent upon the CT domain isoform used. Furthermore, ratiometric fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) imaging was used to study the kinetics of the Galphaq-CTbetax interactions. By the use of recently developed tools, which enable the on-demand activation of Galphaq, we could show that the interaction between constitutively active Galphaq and PLCbeta3 prolongs the residence time of PLCbeta3 at the plasma membrane. These findings suggest that under physiological circumstances, PLCbeta3 and Galphaq interact in a kiss-and-run fashion, likely due to the GTPase-activating activity of PLCbeta towards Galphaq.
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