Intragraft mechanisms associated with the immunosuppressive versus the tolerogenic effect of CD3 antibodies in a mouse model of islet allografts
SourceTransplantation Proceedings, 45, 5, (2013), pp. 1895-1898
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectNCMLS 2: Immune Regulation N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy
We previously demonstrated the ability of CD3-specific antibodies (Abs) to induce tolerance of fully mismatched pancreatic islets when administered at the time of effector T-cell priming (day +7). When administered on day -1, CD3 Abs only displayed an immunosuppressive effect with no permanent acceptance. Here we show that rejection correlates with progressive migration of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells into the graft. In contrast, the day +7 CD3 Ab tolerogenic effect is associated with absence of de novo accumulation of CD8(+) T cells within the allograft while CD4(+) T-cell migration is not altered. Furthermore, the increased proportion in T-regulatory cells, observed both in the draining lymph nodes and in the transplanted islets, was more pronounced after the delayed (day +7) than the early (day -1) CD3 Ab course. Last, tolerance-promoting (day +7), but not immunosuppressive (day -1) CD3 Ab treatment was associated with an elevated in situ Foxp3/alpha-1,2-mannosidase gene expression ratio, identified as a biomarker predicting tolerance in renal transplant patients. In conclusion, intragraft-enhanced regulation over effector function after the delayed but not the early CD3 antibody therapy discriminates between the tolerance-promoting and immunosuppressive effect of CD3 Ab treatment and further highlights the importance of the therapeutic window.
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