Influence of infection on malaria-specific antibody dynamics in a cohort exposed to intense malaria transmission in northern Uganda
SourceParasite Immunology, 35, 5-6, (2013), pp. 164-173
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectN4i 3: Poverty-related infectious diseases NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; N4i 3: Poverty-related infectious diseases NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity
The role of submicroscopic infections in modulating malaria antibody responses is poorly understood and requires longitudinal studies. A cohort of 249 children </=5 years of age, 126 children between 6 and 10 years and 134 adults >/=20 years was recruited in an area of intense malaria transmission in Apac, Uganda and treated with artemether/lumefantrine at enrolment. Parasite carriage was determined at enrolment and after 6 and 16 weeks using microscopy and PCR. Antibody prevalence and titres to circumsporozoite protein, apical membrane antigen-1 (AMA-1), merozoite surface protein-1 (MSP-119 ), merozoite surface protein-2 (MSP-2) and Anopheles gambiae salivary gland protein 6 (gSG6) were determined by ELISA. Plasmodium falciparum infections were detected in 38.1% (194/509) of the individuals by microscopy and in 57.1% (284/493) of the individuals by PCR at enrolment. Antibody prevalence and titre against AMA-1, MSP-119 , MSP-2 and gSG6 were related to concurrent (sub-)microscopic parasitaemia. Responses were stable in children who were continuously infected with malaria parasites but declined in children who were never parasitaemic during the study or were not re-infected after treatment. These findings indicate that continued malaria infections are required to maintain antibody titres in an area of intense malaria transmission.
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