Hydrodynamic flow through loading and in vitro secondary caries development
until further notice
SourceJournal of Dental Research, 92, 4, (2013), pp. 383-7
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Dental Research
SubjectNCEBP 7: Effective primary care and public health
This in vitro study investigated the effect of hydrodynamic flow through mechanical loading on development of secondary caries lesions. Forty-eight bovine tooth specimens (enamel and dentin; sizes 3.2 x 3.2 x 2.0 mm) were restored with resin-composite on polystyrene bars; 18 samples were bonded, and 30 were not bonded. Specimens were suspended in a lactic acid solution (pH = 5; 14 days) in a modified brushing machine, and artificial caries lesions were formed. During caries development, specimens were mechanically loaded at the surface of the polystyrene bar, bent so that the tooth- composite interfaces were subjected to opening forces (16x/min). Loads applied were either none (Control Bonded, CB, n = 6; and Control Non-bonded, CNB, n = 6), 200 gr (NB200, n = 12), or 350 gr (NB350 and B350, both n = 12). Before and after caries development, specimens were imaged with transverse wavelength-independent microradiography (T-WIM), and lesion depth (LD) and mineral loss (ML) were calculated at 4 different locations. An independent t test was used to compare the LD and ML at the 4 different locations. A statistically significant effect of the level of loading (comparing groups NB200 and NB350) and of bonding (comparing groups NB350 and B350) could be observed, with a higher load and absence of bonding leading to more advanced lesions.
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