Expression of CRFR1 and Glu5R mRNA in different brain areas following repeated testing in mice that differ in habituation behaviour
SourceBehavioural Brain Research, 246C, (2013), pp. 1-9
Article / Letter to editor
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Behavioural Brain Research
SubjectNCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility IGMD 9: Renal disorder
Our recent studies revealed a profound impairment to habituate in 129P3 mice compared to BALB/c mice after repeated exposure to an initially novel environment. This was accompanied by strain-specific c-Fos expression in the prelimbic cortex, a brain area related to emotional and cognitive processing. The metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5R) antagonist MPEP increased c-Fos expression in brain areas related to cognition while it decreased c-Fos expression in brain areas processing emotions in 129P3 animals. We hypothesised that the non-adaptive response of 129P3 mice to a novel environment may be the result of impaired neural processing between the prelimbic cortex and emotion processing brain areas, possibly regulated by glutamatergic neurotransmission. To explore this hypothesis, we compared c-Fos activity in between naive and repeatedly tested animals. Further, we investigated mRNA expression of CRFR1 and mGlu5R in the prelimbic cortex and amygdala, since these transmitter systems are not only involved in the regulation of anxiety, but are indicated to be co-expressed in relevant brain areas. Behavioural results confirmed strain-specific habituation profiles and strain-specific c-Fos expression in brain areas regulating cognitive and emotional processes in BALB/c and 129P3 mice. We found that repeated testing resulted in contrasting behavioural responses in both strains, and this was accompanied by strain-specific effects on c-Fos and receptor-expression. From these results it may be concluded that habituation in BALB/c mice reflects a shift from a primary emotional response to a more cognitively controlled behaviour, and that this shift over time may be impaired in 129P3 animals.
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