A comparative study of two different techniques for complete bilateral cleft lip repair using two-dimensional photographic analysis
SourcePlastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 132, 3, (2013), pp. 634-642
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
SubjectNCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions ONCOL 3: Translational research
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of two techniques to repair complete bilateral cleft lip by using indirect two-dimensional photographic analysis. METHODS: One hundred eight bilateral cleft patients were included in this study, 54 patients operated on with the Millard technique and 54 patients operated on with the Afroze technique. Each group of patients was further separated into two subgroups containing symmetrical and asymmetrical cleft lips. All patients were photographed preoperatively and 4 years postoperatively in frontal and submentovertical views in a reproducible way. Eight measurements were performed on the photographs. From these measurements, seven ratios were calculated to compare the two techniques. RESULTS: The outcomes of the interobserver and intraobserver measurements were analyzed using the Pearson correlation test. There was a statistically significant reliability in the intraobserver and interobserver ratios. Analysis of the ratios was performed using the independent samples t test (5 percent level of significance). The authors found that the Afroze technique was better than the Millard technique in six of the seven parameters for symmetrical clefts and in four of the seven parameters for asymmetrical clefts; however, there was no statistically significant difference seen between the two techniques. CONCLUSIONS: The Afroze technique seems to have good clinical outcomes on bilateral cleft lip patients, but more research and long-term follow-up are needed to determine the full outcome of the technique in various parameters. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, III.
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