[Intravenous drug use and the spread of HIV; an international perspective]
SourceNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 157, 21, (2013), pp. A5690
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 3: Poverty-related infectious diseases NCEBP 13: Infectious diseases and international health
Intravenous drug use is a major international health problem. The transmission of HIV through sharing syringes or needles during drug use is an important part of this problem. Injection drug users (IDUs) also engage in high-risk sexual behaviour which facilitates the transmission between different groups. In this article, we present a global perspective of injection drug use in relation to HIV. There are 16 million IDUs worldwide, of whom an estimated 3 million are infected with HIV. The prevalence of HIV among IDUs varies greatly between countries as well as within them. There are intervention programmes to prevent HIV transmission via drug use such as needle and syringe exchange programmes (NSPs) and opioid substitution therapy (OST). These programmes are effective for preventing HIV transmission, provided that their implementation is adequate. 80% of the countries provide NSPs, 65% also provide OST. The coverage of these services is nevertheless insufficient to have an impact on the transmission of HIV.
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- Academic publications 
- Faculty of Medical Sciences 
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.