Validation of a novel semi-automated method for three-dimensional surface rendering of condyles using cone beam computed tomography data
SourceInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 42, 8, (2013), pp. 1023-1029
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
SubjectNCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions ONCOL 3: Translational research
Morphological changes of the condyles are often observed following orthognathic surgery. In addition to clinical assessment, radiographic evaluation of the condyles is required to distinguish the physiological condylar remodelling from pathological condylar resorption. The low contrast resolution and distortion of greyscale values in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans have impeded an accurate three-dimensional (3D) rendering of the condyles. The current study proposes a novel semi-automated method for 3D rendering of condyles using CBCT datasets, and provides a clinical validation of this method. Ten patients were scanned using a standard CBCT scanning protocol. After defining the volume of interest, a greyscale cut-off value was selected to allow an automatic reconstruction of the condylar outline. The condylar contour was further enhanced manually by two independent observers to correct for the under- and over-contoured voxels. Volumetric measurements and surface distance maps of the condyles were computed. The mean within-observer and between-observer differences in condylar volume were 8.62mm(3) and 6.13mm(3), respectively. The mean discrepancy between intra- and inter-observer distance maps of the condylar surface was 0.22mm and 0.13mm, respectively. This novel method provides a reproducible tool for the 3D rendering of condyles, allowing longitudinal follow-up and quantitative analysis of condylar changes following orthognathic surgery.
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