Three dimensional evaluation of facial asymmetry after mandibular reconstruction: validation of a new method using stereophotogrammetry
SourceInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 42, 1, (2013), pp. 19-25
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
SubjectNCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions ONCOL 3: Translational research; NCEBP 7: Effective primary care and public health
The scientific literature is sparse on reports that evaluate facial asymmetry after mandibular reconstructive surgery objectively. The aim of this study is to introduce and validate a new method, using three dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry, that quantifies soft-tissue facial asymmetry in patients who have undergone mandibular reconstruction. To validate the new method, two observers applied the method on 3D photographs of five patients and five controls. An inter-observer difference of 0.04 mm (-0.08 to 0.17) was found with a measurement error of 0.13 mm. 15 3D photographs of the mandibular reconstructed patients were compared with 24 3D photographs of healthy controls. A significant difference (1.19 mm) in asymmetry was found between patients and controls. It is concluded that this new measuring method is a valid, fast and clinically applicable technique to quantify soft-tissue facial asymmetry. It is concluded that facial symmetry in patients is not restored to the level of the control group with the mandibular reconstruction method applied.
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