Applicability of the wide-band limit in DFT-based molecular transport calculations.
SourceJournal of Chemical Physics, 138, 9, (2013)-094102
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
Journal of Chemical Physics
SubjectIGMD 1: Functional imaging
Transport properties of molecular junctions are notoriously expensive to calculate with ab initio methods, primarily due to the semi-infinite electrodes. This has led to the introduction of different approximation schemes for the electrodes. For the most popular metals used in experiments, such as gold, the wide-band limit (WBL) is a particularly efficient choice. In this paper, we investigate the performance of different WBL schemes relative to more sophisticated approaches including the fully self-consistent non-equilibrium Green's function method. We find reasonably good agreement between all schemes for systems in which the molecule (and not the metal-molecule interface) dominates the transport properties. Moreover, our implementation of the WBL requires negligible computational effort compared to the ground-state density-functional theory calculation of a molecular junction. We also present a new approximate but efficient scheme for calculating transport with a finite bias. Provided the voltage drop occurs primarily inside the molecule, this method provides results in reasonable agreement with fully self-consistent calculations.
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