Physical exercise for patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials
SourcePhysical Therapy, 93, 4, (2013), pp. 514-528
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectN4i 2: Invasive mycoses and compromised host ONCOL 3: Translational research; NCEBP 6 - Quality of nursing and allied health care DCN PAC - Perception action and control; NCEBP 6: Quality of nursing and allied health care; NCEBP 7: Effective primary care and public health ONCOL 2: Age-related aspects of cancer; ONCOL 4: Quality of Care; NCEBP 6: Quality of nursing and allied health care
BACKGROUND: The treatment-related burden for patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may be relieved by physical exercises. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to summarize and analyze the evidence provided by randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on physical exercise interventions among patients with cancer undergoing HSCT. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and PEDro were searched for relevant RCTs up to October 1, 2011. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers screened articles on inclusion criteria and indentified relevant RCTs. DATA EXTRACTION: Two authors assessed the selected articles for risk of bias. Data extraction was performed by 1 reviewer. Meta-analyses were undertaken to estimate the outcomes quality of life (QOL), psychological well-being and distress, and fatigue. DATA SYNTHESIS: Eleven studies were included, with study populations consisting of recipients undergoing either an allogeneic or autologous HSCT (n=734). Four studies had low risk of bias. The exercise interventions were performed before, during, and after hospitalization for the HSCT. Different exercise programs on endurance, resistance and/or activities of daily living training, progressive relaxation, and stretching were used. Meta-analyses showed that exercise during hospitalization led to a higher QOL (weighted mean difference=8.72, 95% confidence interval=3.13, 14.31) and less fatigue (standardized mean difference=0.53, 95% confidence interval=0.16, 0.91) in patients with an allogeneic HSCT at the moment of discharge from the hospital. No marked effects were found for psychological well-being and distress. Individual study results suggested significant positive effects on QOL, fatigue, psychological well-being and distress, and physical functioning. LIMITATIONS: Prevalent shortcomings in the included studies were the heterogeneity among studies and the lack of blinding of participants, personnel, and outcome assessment. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that recipients of HSCT may benefit from physical exercise.
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