Perioperative Pain Relief by a COX-2 Inhibitor Affects Ileal Repair and Provides a Model for Anastomotic Leakage in the Intestine
SourceSurgical Innovation, 20, 2, (2013), pp. 113-118
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectNCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions ONCOL 4: Quality of Care; NCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology
The authors examined the potential of the cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitor carprofen to reproducibly induce anastomotic leakage. In experiment 1, an anastomosis was constructed in both ileum and colon of 20 rats, and they were given carprofen (5 mg/kg subcutaneously every 24 hours) or buprenorphine (0.02 mg/kg subcutaneously every 12 hours). In another 20 rats an anastomosis was constructed in either ileum or colon, and all received carprofen (experiment 2). Animals were sacrificed after 3 days. In experiment 1, the ileal dehiscence rate was 60% in the carprofen group and 0% in the buprenorphine group (P = .0108). Colonic anastomoses in both groups remained patent. In experiment 2, the anastomotic leakage rate was 80% in ileum and 0% in colon. Thus, COX-2 inhibitors can severely interfere with intestinal healing, particularly in the ileum. Perioperative administration of carprofen yields a unique model for anastomotic leakage, which allows translational research on the effectiveness of perisuture line reinforcement.
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