Warning labels formulated as questions positively influence smoking-related risk perception
until further notice
SourceJournal of Health Psychology, 18, 2, (2013), pp. 252-262
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI SCP
Journal of Health Psychology
SubjectBehaviour Change and Well-being
Research on warning labels printed on cigarette packages has shown that fear inducing health warnings might provoke defensive responses. This study investigated whether reformulating statements into questions could avoid defensive reactions. Smokers were presented with either warning labels formulated as questions, textual warning labels, graphic warning labels, or no warning labels. Participants' smoking-related risk perception was higher after exposure to warning labels formulated as questions or no warning labels than after exposure to textual or graphic warning labels. These results indicate that reformulating statements into questions can avoid defensive responses elicited by textual- and graphic warning labels.
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