Pharmacokinetics of 450 mg ropivacaine with and without epinephrine for combined femoral and sciatic nerve block in lower extremity surgery. A pilot study
until further notice
SourceBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 75, 5, (2013), pp. 1321-7
Article / Letter to editor
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British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
SubjectIGMD 5: Health aging / healthy living; N4i 3: Poverty-related infectious diseases
AIMS: No pharmacokinetic data exist on doses of ropivacaine larger than 300 mg for peripheral nerve block in man, although in clinical practice higher doses are frequently used. The purpose of the present study was to describe the pharmacokinetic profile in serum of 450 mg ropivacaine with and without epinephrine in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS: Twelve patients were randomly allocated to receive a single shot combined sciatic/femoral nerve block with 60 ml of either ropivacaine 0.75% alone (group R, n = 6) or ropivacaine 0.75% plus epinephrine 5 mug ml(-1) (group RE, n = 6). Venous blood samples for total and free ropivacaine serum concentrations were obtained during 48 h following block placement. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using a non-compartmental approach. RESULTS: Results are given as mean (SD) for group R vs. group RE (95% CI of the difference). Total Cmax was 2.81 (0.94) mug ml(-1) vs. 2.16 (0.21) mug ml(-1) (95% CI -0.23, 1.53). tmax was 1.17 (0.30) h vs. 1.67 (0.94) h (95% CI -1.40, 0.40). The highest free ropivacaine concentration per patient was 0.16 (0.08) mug ml(-1) vs. 0.12 (0.04) mug ml(-1) (95% CI -0.04, 0.12). t(1/2) was 6.82 (2.26) h vs. 5.48 (1.69) h (95% CI -1.23, 3.91). AUC was 28.35 (5.92) mug ml(-1) h vs. 29.12 (7.34) mug ml(-1) h (95% CI -9.35, 7.81). CONCLUSIONS: Free serum concentrations of ropivacaine with and without epinephrine remained well below the assumed threshold of 0.56 mug ml(-1) for systemic toxicity. Changes in pharmacokinetics with epinephrine co-administration did not reach statistical significance.
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