Dose-response relationship after single oral dose administrations of morphine and oxycodone using laser-evoked potentials on UVB- and capsaicin-irritated skin in healthy male subjects.
SourcePain, 153, 8, (2012), pp. 1648-56
01 augustus 2012
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectNCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases
The aim of the study was to evaluate the analgesic/antihyperalgesic efficacy and to establish the dose-response relationship of morphine immediate release (IR) and oxycodone IR in a human experimental algesimetric model. Calculated effect ratios for peak-to-peak (PtP) amplitudes of laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) and visual analog scales (VAS) postlaser pain on UVB-irradiated skin (main target variables) were 1.68 and 1.18 respectively for oxycodone 10mg/morphine 20mg, 3.00 and 1.63 respectively for oxycodone 15mg/morphine 30mg, and 1.12 and 1.25 respectively for oxycodone 20mg/morphine 40mg. The effect on the laser-PtP amplitude of morphine at the highest dose (40mg) and of oxycodone at all doses (10, 15, 20mg) was considered to be clinically relevant based on a difference from placebo of >/=2.5muV. For both compounds, a statistically significant linear trend was observed between dose groups in at least 1 of the 2 main target variables (adjusted P value for both end points <.001 at all doses). Hyperalgesia developed over time vs baseline due to acute exposure to UVB irradiation and to topical/occlusive 1% capsaicin solution. For both compounds, the principal onset of analgesic/antihyperalgesic drug effects was around 0.5hours with an average peak at about 1 to 2hours and the effect lasting for more than 3hours (morphine 20 and 30mg) or 6hours (morphine 40mg and oxycodone all doses). In conclusion, the study demonstrated a solid outcome of a mixed objective/subjective human experimental algesimetric model to approach dose-response relationships and analgesic/antihyperalgesic effects of 2 opioids.
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