Avulsion of puborectalis muscle and other risk factors for cystocele recurrence: a 2-year follow-up study
SourceInternational Urogynecology Journal, 23, 1, (2012), pp. 65-71
Article / Letter to editor
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International Urogynecology Journal
SubjectNCEBP 12: Human Reproduction
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study aimed to determine the relationship of recurrent cystocele with avulsion of puborectalis muscle and other risk factors. METHODS: In this prospective observational cohort study, 245 women undergoing anterior colporrhaphy were invited for a 2-year follow-up visit consisting of a questionnaire, physical examination, and translabial 3D ultrasonography. Women with and without recurrent cystocele were compared to identify recurrence risk factors. RESULTS: Of the 245 women, 156 agreed to the follow-up visit (63.7%). Objective recurrence rate was 80 of 156 (51.3%). Seventeen of the 156 (10.9%) reported subjective recurrence. Risk factors for anatomical recurrence were complete avulsion of puborectalis muscle (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.3, 4.7), advanced preoperative stage (OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.0, 4.1), family history of prolapse (OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.2, 4.9), and sacrospinous fixation (OR, 6.5; 95% CI, 2.0, 21.2). CONCLUSIONS: Risk factors for anatomical cystocele recurrence after anterior colporrhaphy were complete avulsion of puborectalis muscle, advanced preoperative stage, family history of prolapse, and sacrospinous fixation.
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