Visual scanning in very young children with autism and their unaffected parents.
SourceAutism Research and Treatment, 2012, (2012), pp. 748467
Article / Letter to editor
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PI Group MR Techniques in Brain Function
PI Group Memory and Emotion
F.C. Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging
Autism Research and Treatment
Subject110 012 Social cognition of verbal communication; 150 000 MR Techniques in Brain Function; DCN PAC - Perception action and control; DCN PAC - Perception action and control NCEBP 9 - Mental health; NCEBP 9: Mental health
This study of gaze patterns in very young children with autism and their parents included 23 cases (with 16 fathers and 19 mothers) and 46 controls (with 14 fathers and 28 mothers). Children (mean age 3.3 +/- 1.5 years) with autism met DSM-IV and ADOS-G diagnostic criteria. The participants' gaze patterns were recorded while they viewed four simple movies that did not feature people. In children, severity of autism is related to spending more time watching irrelevant regions in one of the four movies. The mothers of children with autism showed an atypical pattern for three movies, whereas the fathers of children with autism did not show an atypical gaze pattern. The gaze pattern of the mothers was positively correlated with that of their children. The atypical viewing pattern of autistic individuals appears not to be restricted to people and social situations but is also seen in other situations, suggesting that there is a perceptual broad autism phenotype.
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