Tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of the glucokinase activator AZD1656, after single ascending doses in healthy subjects during euglycemic clamp
SourceInternational Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 50, 11, (2012), pp. 765-777
Article / Letter to editor
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International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
SubjectIGMD 5: Health aging / healthy living NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases; NCEBP 1: Molecular epidemiology
OBJECTIVES: AZD1656 is a novel glucokinase activator with a postulated dual mechanism of action by activating glucokinase in both the pancreas and the liver, and with the potential to deliver effective glucose-lowering in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Here, we present the tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of AZD1656 in two single-blind, randomized, placebocontrolled studies, one with Western and the other with Japanese healthy adult male subjects. METHODS: Both studies evaluated oral single ascending doses of AZD1656 of up to 180 mg, administered during euglycemic clamp conditions to explore a wide dose range without risking hypoglycemia. Safety, pharmacokinetics and effects on serum insulin and glucose infusion rate were assessed. A population pharmacokinetics analysis was also conducted. RESULTS: AZD1656 was well tolerated in single doses up to 180 mg in both populations. AZD1656 was rapidly absorbed, and a dose-proportional increase in total exposure was observed for AZD1656 and the equipotent metabolite, AZD5658. Taking differences in body weight into account, there were no differences in pharmacokinetic parameters between Western and Japanese subjects. A dose-dependent blood glucose lowering effect was indirectly demonstrated by the increased glucose infusion rate required to maintain euglycemia, which was of similar magnitude in both populations. Dose-dependent increases in insulin secretion were also observed. CONCLUSIONS: No safety concerns were raised. AZD1656 displayed uncomplicated pharmacokinetics and dose-dependent pharmacodynamics effects were observed. The results suggest no ethnic differences in AZD1656 tolerability, pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics.
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