Three-dimensional prospective evaluation of tooth-borne and bone-borne surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion
SourceJournal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, 40, 8, (2012), pp. 757-762
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery
SubjectNCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions ONCOL 3: Translational research
AIM: To three-dimensionally (3D) assess the long-term effects of tooth-borne and bone-borne surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study comprised 45 consecutive skeletally mature non-syndromic patients with transverse maxillary hypoplasia. In 28 patients, a tooth-borne distractor (Hyrax) was used for expansion, whereas in the remaining 17 a bone-borne distractor (transpalatal distractor, TPD) was used. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were performed before treatment (T0) and 22 months later, after fixed appliance treatment (T1). 3D models were constructed from CBCT data and superimposed using voxel-based matching. Distance maps between the superimposed models were computed to evaluate the amount of skeletal changes. RESULTS: The distance maps of the superimposed models showed positive distances on the right and left posterior alveolar segments of the maxilla indicating lateral expansion. The anterior maxillary region showed negative distances or posterior displacement and remodelling of the anterior alveolar region. There was no statistically significant difference between TPD and Hyrax for the three alveolar segments (p values ranged 0.63-0.81). CONCLUSION: Bone-borne and tooth-borne SARME were found to produce comparable results at the end of fixed appliance treatment regarding skeletal changes.
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