Safety of pulmonary vein isolation and left atrial complex fractionated atrial electrograms ablation for atrial fibrillation with phased radiofrequency energy and multi-electrode catheters
SourceEuropace, 14, 10, (2012), pp. 1433-40
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectNCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases
AIMS: Recently, a multi-electrode catheter system using phased radiofrequency (RF) energy was developed specifically for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation: the pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC), the multi-array septal catheter (MASC), and the multi-array ablation catheter (MAAC). Initial results of small trials have been promising: shorter procedure times and low adverse event rates. In a large single-centre registry, we evaluated the adverse events associated with multi-electrode ablation catheter procedures with PVAC alone, or combined with MASC and MAAC. METHODS AND RESULTS: In all, 634 consecutive patients with AF had 663 procedures with multi-electrode ablation catheters, 502 patients with the PVAC alone, 128 patients with PVAC/MASC/MAAC, 29 redo procedures with the PVAC or PVAC/MASC/MAAC, and 4 patients had a complicated transseptal puncture. Major and minor adverse events during 6 month follow-up were registered. In 15 cases (2.3%), major adverse events were seen within the first month after the procedure. These included complicated transseptal puncture (4), stroke (2), transient ischaemic attack (5), acute coronary syndrome (2), femoral pseudoaneurysm (1), and arteriovenous fistulae (1). Minor adverse events were seen in 10.7% at 6 months, mostly due to femoral haematoma (3.9%), and non-significant PV stenosis (5.2%). There was no difference in the occurrence of major adverse events between PVAC alone, or PVAC/MASC/MAAC ablation. CONCLUSION: Ablation with phased RF and multi-electrode catheters is accompanied by a major adverse event rate of 2.3% within 1 month and a minor event rate of 10.7% at 6 months.
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