Optimisation of the quantification of glutamine synthetase and myelin basic protein in cerebrospinal fluid by a combined acidification and neutralisation protocol.
SourceJournal of Immunological Methods, 381, 1-2, (2012), pp. 1-8
Article / Letter to editor
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Laboratory of Genetic, Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases
Journal of Immunological Methods
SubjectDCN MP - Plasticity and memory; DCN NN - Brain networks and neuronal communication
The measurement of proteins in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) is becoming increasingly important in the diagnosis of many neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's Disease. However, detection of proteins in these immunoassays can be hampered by confounding factors either present in the sample matrix or inherent to the protein of interest. These confounding factors may, for example, include protein aggregation or binding to other proteins resulting in epitope masking. Furthermore, the pH of CSF may vary considerably amongst different samples which may limit standardisation of CSF analysis. Pre-treatment of CSF to liberate epitopes or optimise conditions for antibody binding may enhance protein detection. In the current study we investigated whether CSF acidification followed by neutralisation (in short: AFBN) or neutralisation alone prior to measurement might improve the detection of a panel of brain-specific proteins. We demonstrate that the AFBN pre-treatment protocol for CSF significantly enhances the measurement of glutamine synthetase (GS) and myelin basic protein (MBP) in CSF but does not affect detection of glial fibrillary protein (GFAP), amyloid beta 42 (Abeta(4)(2)), total tau (t-tau) or phosphorylated tau (p-tau). Neutralisation alone did not improve detection of any of the proteins tested. Based on our results, we suggest including the AFBN protocol in the evaluation of new biomarker development protocols to avoid confounders such as CSF pH or epitope-masking of the target protein.
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